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Livelihoods and large carnivores

Identifying socio-ecological drivers of conflict dynamics in northern Tanzania to foster coexistence.

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This project examines carnivore-pastoralist conflict dynamics in the Tarangire-Manyara Ecosystem, Tanzania, focusing on leopard and spotted hyena impacts on local livelihood security. Focal species were selected based on previous research in study area that identified leopards and hyenas as particularly problematic to human well-being.


Using mixed methods including household surveys, we assess livestock depredation levels within Maasai pastoralist communities. We further aim to understand drivers of community tolerance for carnivores by examining people’s perceptions of living with them. Initial findings indicate environmental factors and deterrent strategies influence the level of livestock attacks experienced at bomas. Pastoralist tolerance for carnivores is influenced by economic losses, personal experiences, conservation attitudes, and perceived benefits of coexisting with wildlife. These insights shed light on conflict mechanisms and potential pathways to coexistence.

This work and detailed findings were presented on at the upcoming Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting 2023 in Portland, OR (July 6 -11th, 2023).


This work is an extension of a broader research project (Raycraft, J, PhD Dissertation) conducted in partnership with:

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